|The History of the Lammermuir Hills goes far back in time.
Remains of Iron Age hill forts are dotted throughout the
hills built by the Celts, and the major tribe of the area, the Ottadini, had
capital on Traprain Law in East Lothian, and there is also evidence of Roman occupation in various areas. The Picts, Scots and Angles all occupied the land at various times, and made the Hills what they are today.
The Mutiny Stones
The Mutiny Stones is a Stone Age, long cairn composed of irregular
stones, situated in high Lammermuir moorland on Byrecleugh Ridge. They were supposedly put
there by the Devil, falling from his mittens as he passed overhead and
were originally named 'Mittenfu of Stones'. The name was later corrupted
to Meeting Stones and then to the present day Mutiny Stones. It is the
only one of its type in Berwickshire. It measures about 270ft. Where the
centre of the cairn is exposed by robbing to provide enclosures for
sheep, many large stones can be seen. The maximum height of the cairn is
8ft although it is thought it was previously nearer to 18ft.
Edin's Hall Broch
The remains of an Iron Age broch, several circular stone walled houses
and the double ramparts of an Iron Age fort survive on the hillside
above the Whiteadder Water
. The broch and fort were probably constructed to control access to the
nearby copper mines at Elba. It dates from the 2nd century, one of only a handful of Iron Age brochs
in the lowlands of Scotland, and is roughly 27m in diameter.
A stone axe and a flanged bronze axe were found in the field behind the farm in the 19th century -
The stone in the photo to the left was found next to the ruined tower house at Windshiel Farm by Ted Baker the owner of the farm. It’s 1 ¾ inches in diameter and a little under ½ inch deep. It's a spindle whorl and would have been used in the spinning of wool. These were largely replaced by the spinning wheel in the 15th/16th Century.
Several pieces of hand worked metal and a crude lead weight with a saltire etched on it have been found in the Cranshaws area, (see right) indicating that there was activity of some kind here when the church was active.
There is also evidence of a stone circle believe it or not. To come and visit it up at Penshiel near Cranshaws, click on this link to see for yourself!